Has Mother’s Child got enough vitamin A? February and August are announced by the government as The Month of Vitamin A by giving free vitamin A to babies aged 6-59 months in Posyandu and Puskesmas.
The dose of vitamin A given is in the form of drops and should be appropriate according to the child’s age, babies aged 0-6 months are given 3x50.000 IU and babies aged 6-11 months are given blue capsules with the dose of 100.000 IU. Meanwhile children aged 1-5 years are given red capsules with the dose of 200.000 IU.
Benefits of Vitamin A
Mothers have probably known that vitamin A gives useful benefits to the eyes and can prevent blindness. In addition, vitamin A also helps build the bones, cells, and body tissues (especially hair, nails and skin), as well as protect the body from infection.
Unluckily, the body cannot produce vitamin A on its own, so Mothers should give the intake through food or in forms of capsules or drops of Vitamin A to the Child. It’s not difficult to find foods containing vitamin A. They can found them in fish oil, liver, egg yolks, butter, dark green vegetables, and orang fruits. Breast milk is also the best food source for babies.
No Excess or Lack
Despite having great benefits for the body, excess or lack of vitamin A will give bad impacts to the development of the Child. Because it’s not water soluble, excess of vitamin A will lead to toxicity, skin thickening and kidney disruption.
Meanwhile, in case of lack of vitamin A, the child will be at risk of having night blindness, dry eyes, and susceptible to infection. If this continues and no proper treatment is given, the child may experience permanent blindness.